STRESS INDICATORS. THEIR SIGNIFICANCE AND ADAPTATION IN MODERN DIAGNOSTICS OF DISEASES
Stress in today‘s society affects most working-age adults and a large number of seniors and children. The effects of stress are multifaceted and ambiguous. Stress affects the development, progression or exacerbation of mental and physical illness. This article reviews research findings related to stress exposure diagnostics. Modern research has shown that it is not sufficient to assess the secretion of a single marker to assess the damaging effects of stress. Researchers are currently advised to investigate 3 substances together: cortisol, alpha-amylase and immunoglobulin A. The studies also reveal factors that, apart from stress, can influence (decrease or increase) the secretion of these substances. The article introduces the novelty that stress indicators can be tested not in the blood, as is common in most cases, but in saliva, without causing additional stress to the patient.