PREVALENCE, SEVERITY AND CLINICAL FEATURES OF ATOPIC DERMATITIS IN CHILDREN AND ADULTS IN LITHUANIA

  • Gintarė Ulianskaitė
  • Justina Mackevičiūtė
  • Anastasija Malevič
  • Inga Kisielienė
  • Matilda Bylaitė-Bučinskienė
Keywords: atopic dermatitis, epidemiology, atopic eczema, severity of atopic dermatitis

Abstract

The aim was to determine the prevalence, severity and clinical features of atopic dermatitis in adults and children in Lithuania. Methods. 500 adults and 500 children (<18 years) were questioned using 30-question anonymous questionnaire. The prevalence of disease, family history, comorbid allergies, symptoms, and severity of disease were assessed. Results. 3.2% of adults and 24% of children were found to have an atopic dermatitis. 75% of adults and 51% of children were women. 50% of adults were 18–29 years old and 63% of children were 2–12 years old. Dry skin, redness and lichenification of the face, elbows and forearms where the most common symptoms in adults, while children mostly shared symptoms like dry skin, redness of the thighs, knees and elbows. Mild atopic dermatitis was diagnosed to 50–63% of adults and 56–72% of children. Conclusions. 3.2% of adults and 24% of children have atopic dermatitis in Lithuania. Mild-grade disease dominates in both adult and paediatric populations.

Published
2020-04-14
Section
Scientific articles