• Birutė Jurevičiūtė
  • Raimundas Karčauskas
  • Vaclovas Šveikauskas
Keywords: antibiotics, self-medication, patients, awareness


The aim was to evaluate the link between the patients’ knowledge about antibiotics and peculiarities of antibiotics usage. Methods. A quantitative analytical instantaneous study was performed. Patients of General Practitioners Center of Kelmė district (N=361) and Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kauno klinikos Family medicine clinic answered an anonymous questionnaire survey (N=238) from July to October, 2018. The data was analyzed using IBM SPSS v25.0 for Windows. Probability of error p<0.05 defined a statistically significant result. The hypotheses about the relationship between qualitative variables were chosen using the non-parametric Pearson Chi square test (χ2). Results. Patients from both clinics who practice self-medication are more likely to pile up leftover antibiotics. Better informed patients only use antibiotics when prescribed by a physician (p<0.05). Patients who are less informed about antibiotics, are likely to try self-treating fever by consuming antibiotics. Men, more often than women, mistakenly claimed that antibiotics have no side effects (p<0.05). Patients with higher education have more often indicated that antibiotics kill bacteria, affect the liver / kidneys, and influence human microflora. Older patients (>65 years) (compared to younger patients ≤30 years), as well as retired patients (compared to working patients) and those with basic education (compared to those with higher education) have more often erroneously indicated that antibiotics can reduce pain (p<0.05). Conclusions. The independent patients’ usage of antibiotics of both clinics has a relation to knowledge about antibiotics as well as the patient’s education.

Scientific articles