EFFECT OF SPINAL STABILIZATION AND RESISTANCE EXERCISES ON PAIN, POSTURE AND INTRAMUSCULAR COORDINATION IN PEOPLE WITH INTERVERTEBRAL DISC HERNIATION
Aim. To analyse the effect of spinal stabilization and resistance exercises on pain, posture and intramuscular coordination in individuals diagnosed with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. Methods. 30 study participants were randomly divided into two groups: spinal stabilization and resistance exercises. The duration of interventions were 12 weeks, 3 times/week, 45 minutes each session. Before and after intervention low back pain, maximal trunk and buttocks muscles’ strength, neuromuscular control and posture were assessed. Results. After the interventions in both groups, there was a significant reduction in low back pain, an increase in the strength of the lumbar flexors, and an improvement in posture. An imbalance between the right and left thigh extensors before intervention in stabilization group, decreased after intervention. Resistance exercises significantly increased the strength of all muscles assessed, and stabilization exercises significantly increased static balance. Conclusions. Both spinal stabilization and resistance exercises were effective in decreasing lower back pain and improving posture. Resistance exercises were more effective in increasing maximal muscle strength and spinal stabilization exercises were more effective in improving static balance.